Ancient History Conference


2006 - Italy


There are several questions of investigation to discuss in his application to a period in history.

Phases of historical inquiry
A core requirement of this syllabus is that `each in-depth study must embody a process of historical inquiry'.

To ensure a process of inquiry, historical studies should usually proceed through the following phases:
· identification of an issue
· the framing of relevant research questions or hypotheses
· the framing of subquestions to guide the investigation
· the location of varied, relevant evidence
· interpretation, analysis, evaluation and corroboration of evidence
· identification of any additional evidence needed
· creation of the first and subsequent drafts with reconsidered judgments
· completion of the final presentation.


Guidelines of historical procedure
There are a number of guidelines that historians use in the various phases of inquiry. It is accepted generally that
in any historical inquiry, there should be:

· a relevance to students and their surrounding culture
· a concern with the causes and consequences of change and continuity in human events
· responses to issues that emerge from the evidence
· a willingness to make tentative judgments based on the evidence
· support for the key components of the conclusions with evidence
· evaluation of the problematic nature of historical evidence
· the creation of a structured response that has drawn upon many sources and that incorporates these new conclusions or ideas.


Bridging/comparative studies
In addition a work program may include bridging studies. These vary in length from possibly one lesson to perhaps six lessons. In a bridging study there is not time for intensive inquiry. Instead, the essential points of an historical event or development are conveyed, probably by teacher exposition, use of film/video, examination of key evidence, and/or reading of texts. These brief studies help the students to make sense of the in-depth studies by establishing them within a wider thematic and chronological historical context.


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